If house breaking is based on prevention
and not punishment, you and your puppy will accomplish this task more quickly. Every dog wants to please its owner but a puppy's
memory is short; patience and constant supervision must be the watchwords.
You must remember that puppies eight weeks
of age are physically able to start house training but need a lot of attention and supervision. Puppies, instinctively, want
to stay as clean as they can; they will not eliminate in the same area where they sleep. This fact will help you to train
Your puppy needs to be confined whenever
it is not directly supervised. The confined area should be a crate, if not, a very small room may also work. The more room
the puppy has to get away from its feces or urine, the more likely the puppy is to do so and have an accident. This means
the crate should only be big enough for your puppy to lay down and still have room for a water bowl. When your puppy is taken
out of its confinement, you should immediately take it outside. You need to stay outside with the puppy, until the puppy has
both urinated and defecated. After each elimination, praise the puppy as if the puppy just did the best thing in the world.
Your love, attention and praise are the best rewards for any puppy.
Never play with the puppy or let the puppy
play until after the puppy has both urinated and defecated. Potty time is a serious time - enjoyable but not play time. You
need to keep your puppy from being distracted by outside activities. Frequently, you will need to start walking the puppy
in circles to get the pup to start sniffing the ground. This means keeping your puppy on a leash. Once the puppy is sniffing
the ground, it is more likely to eliminate. It will help to reinforce house training by taking your puppy to the same spot
every time. The urine scent will remain and stimulate the puppy to use the spot again.
You need to remember to take your puppy out
frequently. The more often the pup is taken outside, goes to the bathroom and is praised for it, the faster the pup will learn
that outside is the appropriate place for eliminating. Some people even create a command, such as "potty time" that they say
while waiting for the puppy to eliminate.
Repetition and praise then teaches the puppy
that the phrase and action are associated and both are good. At a minimum, you need to take your puppy outside first thing
in the morning, whenever it wakes up from a nap, 20 minutes after a play period or a meal, and last thing at night. Any time
you notice your puppy starting to sniff the floor or circle, the puppy is probably getting ready to have an accident. This
is your cue to pick the puppy up and take it outside.
You should not scold your puppy for urinating
or defecating in the house; these are important normal functions that are not bad, it is the location that is a bad choice.
Your role is to encourage your puppy to do these behaviors in the appropriate place. If you find an accident, do not bring
the puppy to it and scold or punish the puppy or rub his nose in the accident. This will merely teach your puppy to fear you;
they can not associate their past behavior with your present behavior. In cases like this, simply clean the site of the accident
well; a cleaner designed to remove pet odors is best.
If you find your puppy in the act of urinating
or defecating, say no and pick the puppy up immediately and take it outside. (If you can't immediately pick the puppy up,
make a very loud noise to scare the puppy into stopping its elimination, then rush to it and get the puppy outside.) Once
the puppy is outside wait until it eliminates and then praise the puppy. When you get inside, clean the accident site thoroughly.
If you decide to paper
train your puppy, you will follow all of the above advice but substitute paper for outside. The principles of preventing accidents
and encouragement are the same.
Good Luck!! Practice Makes Perfect